What is a conclusion in science? I know this question has been a problem for a majority of us. But relax because we’ve got you covered. In science, a conclusion is an opinion that states what you believe to be true. A reasonable conclusion must have supporting evidence and not be biased or tainted in any way.
A conclusion can also be called a summary or take-home message. A conclusion is also a sentence that includes the main points and interpretation of the data. It is used to summarize the whole experiment in one to three sentences.
Let’s delve in!
How Do You Write a Scientific Conclusion?
The main aim of the conclusion is to summarize everything in your paper and restate your key findings. Sometimes, people refer to the conclusion as the discussion. Still, it’s more than just a discussion since it comprises scientific facts about what was observed or revealed in this experiment.
It’s a good idea to start your conclusion by restating the purpose of the study. Then, it would be best if you mentioned the main findings (you should include numbers or percentages here). Finally, if you have done more than one experiment or studied more than one group of people in your paper, this is an excellent place to discuss how all the experiments or studies fit together briefly.
You may want to mention your most important findings first and then move on to the more minor ones. After that, you need to discuss how these new findings compare to what other researchers have found (if you did a review of the scientific literature).
For example, imagine that you conducted an experiment on people and studied the effects of a new medication. In this case, your conclusion would include the main findings and remind readers how these results compare to what you might expect if no intervention had occurred.
What are the Three Parts of a Scientific Conclusion?
The following are the three parts of a scientific conclusion:
What were your Findings?
The most important part of a conclusion paragraph is stating your actual findings in numbers and percentages. There may be no numerical data in the experiment, but you can still present findings as numbers.
For example, “we found that 50% of participants solved the problem.” Or “The time to solve the problem dropped from an average of 15 minutes to an average of 5 minutes after we introduced a new change in procedure.”
How do your Findings Compare with what other Researchers have Found?
You should make a list of all the conclusions that your results contradict and those they support. Then, you should mention at least one study to back up your position.
What are the new Contributions of this Study to Science?
Finally, in the last sentence of your conclusion, you should say what impact this study will have scientific community and why it’s essential.
How to Write a Good Conclusion in Science
Write each paragraph specifically for that paragraph. For example, if you write about chickens in one paragraph, don’t repeat the same information about pigs or fruit flies from a previous section.
Be specific, but be sure to include at least three sentences on what you have learned from the experimental study and how it fits into the overall context of your research.
If there are significant controversies, don’t be afraid to take a stand. Just make sure that you include all points of view in your writing before taking them aside. In other words, if you believe, one thing but the scientific community thinks something else, explain and acknowledge that. Then, it would be fair enough to hear both sides.
Your conclusion is now complete and ready for reading. A reasonable conclusion should include the following points:
- The introduction of the study (the purpose of the study)
- The scientific method used in this study (how you collected and analyzed your data)
- The findings of the study. How these results fit into the larger context of science (what conclusions were made in past studies and how this experiment fits into the overall understanding of a scientific concept).
The following are questions you should answer when explaining what is a conclusion in science.
What is expected next? Is there more work to be done on this topic? What might happen if there are different opinions on this issue? What are your significant findings, and how do those findings fit into the larger picture of science? What are the areas in which there needs to be more research? Is there room for improvement in your study? What could you do differently next time?
What is the Difference Between Hypothesis and Conclusion in Science?
A hypothesis is a single testable prediction made after forming a tentative explanation for an observation. A hypothesis is an “if” or “then.” A conclusion is a statement. On the other hand, a conclusion results from data analysis and interpretation and commentary on whether or not to accept the hypothesis.
A hypothesis is tested several times as new data becomes available, and then it needs to be revised or rejected. Work on developing theories can begin even before doing any experiments. For example, if you have an idea that plants need water to grow, you could frame a hypothesis such as: “If I plant a seed in soil that does not contain any water, then it will not grow.”
A conclusion must follow a question, but it does not need to come at the end of an experiment. Many findings are found after collecting a set of results. It can be challenging to draw a broad conclusion from one experiment, but it is often possible to make inferences about the data in several experiments done by other scientists.
What is an example of a Conclusion in Science?
An example of a conclusion in science is when a scientist observes an object and finds its properties. They also make predictions about what it might be.
Then they gather information and facts about the object by doing tests or experiments to solve the problem. Finally, after testing their results, they conclude the object based on their evidence and facts.
Scientific Method Conclusion
Scientific method conclusion is a process used in the scientific community to investigate topics. It has five steps:
- Identify a problem or question
- Ask a research question and form a hypothesis based on data from previous studies conducted by other scientists
- Conduct an experiment, test, or study to gather information
- Make observations of the data collected
- Form conclusions based on the information gathered from the experiment, tests, or study.
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